Annual silicon upgrades for smartphones have resulted in performance gains of 5-10%, especially for chips in Android’s flagship products. But this year, each SOC manufacturer – Apple, Qualcomm and Samsung – has claimed a 15% improvement in performance with the move to a 5nm manufacturing process.

Since 5G no longer differentiates between flagship products, in this article we compare Apple’s A14 Bionic chipset with Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888 and Samsung’s Exynos 2100 to see how these new processors differ.

As mentioned earlier, all three SoCs use a 5nm manufacturing process that allows OEMs to gain more power while improving efficiency. Both the Snapdragon 888 and the Exynos 2100 have eight-core processors, while the A14 has six.

The Snapdragon and Exynos architecture uses one Cortex X1 core, three Cortex A78 cores and four Cortex A55 cores. The Snapdragon has components operating at 2.84 GHz, 2.42 GHz and 1.8 GHz, while the Exynos operates at 2.9 GHz, 2.8 GHz and 2.2 GHz.

The Apple chip uses two custom high-performance cores – Firestorm – clocked at 2.99 GHz and four high-performance cores – Icestorm – clocked at 1.8 GHz.

Also read : Snapdragon 888 vs Snapdragon 865+ Where is Qualcomm?

In the Snapdragon 865 series, Qualcomm provided manufacturers with an additional X55 modem for cellular connectivity on flagship devices, but this year’s Snapdragon 888 has a built-in modem, the X60 5G.

The iPhone 12 is equipped with last year’s X55 5G modem, while the Exynos is compatible with a built-in modem – no specifications are available in this area.

In terms of performance, the Snapdragon can use its mmWave components to achieve maximum download speeds of up to 7.5 Gbps. The Exynos 2100 offers 7.35 Gbps in mmWave mode and 5.1 Gbps up to 6 GHz.

The Apple 14 Bionic combined with the Qualcomm X55 5G modem can achieve download speeds of up to 4 Gbps using mmWave technology (available in the US only).

While the Apple A14 implements WiFi 6 and Bluetooth 5.0, Qualcomm and Samsung chipset support WiFi 6E and Bluetooth 5.2.
The latter options work with them, but their implementation depends on the manufacturer of the smartphone.

This difference is evident in the S21 series, where the S21 Ultra features WiFi 6E and Bluetooth 5.2, while the S21 and S21 Plus implement Bluetooth 5.0 and WiFi 6, despite using newer chips.

Also read : Samsung Galaxy S21 versus the Galaxy S20 series: What is new and different?

In today’s smartphones, visual signal processors and AI – in photography – play a very important role.

The new provider Exynos 2100 now supports a camera resolution of up to 200 MP and can handle video streams from up to four different camera sensors simultaneously. Qualcomm’s chipset can also take 200MP photos, but only supports three video streams at a time.

In addition, the combination of ISP and AI components allows the Snapdragon to simultaneously adjust focus, exposure and white balance, and activate object detection when recording 4K video. The Exynos 2100 can do something similar – these chipsets can capture images from 8K to 30 frames per second.

Although Apple isn’t giving details on hardware like Qualcomm and Samsung, the 12-series iPhone can also record multiple camera streams at once – at least two – thanks to the Double Take ap feature. However, the use of a built-in camera when recording video limits it to 4K at 60 frames per second.

Also read : What is Apple M1 Unified Memory? How much do you need?

The subject of artificial intelligence has been gaining momentum in recent years, with new chips bringing more and more advances, although Apple seems to be lagging behind the competition in terms of raw numbers.

Qualcomm’s Hexagon 780 chipset processor can now support up to 26 trillion operations per second. Integration with the internal Sensing Hub provides better context awareness, which can help wake up the screen – from slow motion – with greater accuracy and actively search for keyword activations like Hey Google.

Samsung mentions a new three-core neuroprocessor unit that also performs 26 trillion operations per second, with the main improvements occurring in photo-based scenarios.

With the A14, Apple is introducing a new 16-core neural engine that can perform 11 trillion operations per second.

Category Apple A14 Bionic Thunder Dragon 888 Exinos 2100
Production process 5 nm 5 nm 5 nm
CPU 6-core processor (2.99 GHz fire cores, 1.8 GHz cores) 8-core processor (2.84 GHz Cortex X1, 2.42 GHz Triple Cortex A78, 1.8 GHz Quad-Core Cortex A58) 8-core processor (2.9 GHz Cortex X1, 2.8 GHz Triple Cortex A78, 2.2 GHz Quad-Core Cortex A58)
GPU Customized 4-core GPU Adreno 660 Mali-G78 MP14
Link Qualcomm X55 5G modem; Bluetooth 5.0, WiFi 6 Qualcomm X60 5G modem; Bluetooth 5.2; WiFi 6E Personalized ISP, Bluetooth 5.2; WiFi 6E
Camera Only one ISP Qualcomm 580 Spectrum Only one ISP

Also read : Snapdragon 865+ 5G vs. 865 5G vs. 855+ vs. 855

A 20-year-old young man with an interest in technology and video games. If you have nothing to do with it, you’ll find it in his books, educational or otherwise.

Please contact Arian by email: [email protected].

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