So you want to improve your competitive gaming performance, but you confuse terms like frame rate (FPS) and refresh rate (Hz). There is a lot of confusion about these factors, and it is easy to get confused. I was having the same problem, so I decided to do some research on the subject and what I discovered might be helpful to you.
You may have already seen game screens announcing all kinds of interesting specifications for players, such as high frequencies, G-sync, response time, etc. These are some of the questions I will answer in this guide:
What is Hz? Should you lock your window or not? Do you have to lower the graphics settings in the game to increase the SPA? What is a good range of SPF for league games? What is the best Hz monitor for competitive gaming?
Hz affects FPS ?
No. Hz (frame rate) has no effect on FPS (frame rate) because Hz is the maximum frame rate of your monitor and FPS is the number of frames your computer can generate. That’s something else. Your monitor can only display images that your computer sends. When you play games on a high-frequency monitor, you can see additional images and respond more quickly to game signals, which can improve your performance.
I’ll show you how it works.
What you need to know about upgrade pricing
As mentioned earlier, Hz represents the number of updates your monitor can perform in one second. The FPS or frame rate is the number of frames your graphics card can generate in one second. For best results, the refresh rate should be equal to or greater than the monitor’s refresh rate.
Frame rate vs. frame rate
The problem here is that your computer generates images at a variable speed, which means that not all images are created at the same time. Many factors affect the speed or slowness of image generation. The most important ones are your graphics card, the number of effects in the game scene, processor speed, and a few others.
Monitors, on the other hand, can only display images at a certain speed, which is determined by the maximum refresh rate. On conventional 60 Hz screens (the most commonly used today), an image remains on the screen for 16.6 milliseconds before a new image is displayed. When the refresh rate is higher, the time required to display a single image on the screen is significantly reduced.
Here’s a brief timeline:
- 30 Hz = 33.3 ms
- 60 Hz = 16.6 ms
- 144 Hz = 6.9 ms
- 240 Hz = 4.1 ms
Please note that monitors can only update at a constant speed, it does not change like the frame rate. Sometimes, if the computer sends too many images, it can no longer synchronize with the screen.
If this happens, you are likely to see a graphic artifact called a screen crack, which looks like two images have been cut together. Screen cracks are much less visible on high frame rate monitors, and can be completely eliminated with features like V-sync or G-sync. I’ll talk about that later.
Are high frequency monitors worthwhile?
In my opinion, it’s really worth switching from a 60 Hz to a 144 Hz monitor, as you’ll become a better video player and be less likely to experience visual artifacts. Tasks like web browsing and general computing will also be much faster and easier.
Choosing the Hz frequency that is best for you depends on your budget, your goals, and your computer equipment. If your computer can handle between 60 and 120 frames per second in games, consider a 120 or 144 Hz monitor.
For most people, a 240Hz monitor is useless unless you have an extremely powerful PC and plan to play first-person shooter. In other words: You need to make sure that you can really enjoy your new monitor.
More Hz makes you a better player?
The theory is that you can see more on monitors with a high frame rate, for example. B. Enemies much more likely to go around the wall than on low-frequency monitors. On high frequency screens, animations are smoother, aiming is easier, and large movements can be performed, such as. B. turns 360°, is much smoother. It can also help reduce motion sickness.
But does it really affect the performance of the average player? As it turns out, yes. Buying a new graphics card and screen won’t make you a better player immediately, but it will give you an advantage that will be noticeable after a few game sessions.
A study by Geforce found that gamers who switched from monitors with 60 Hz to those with a high refresh rate experienced a dramatic increase in deaths in popular games. The study tracked the performance of graphics cards attached to monitors with different Hz frequencies.
The player with the best killer ratio (51%) was a GTX 1080/TI card on a 144Hz monitor. Second place went to the RTX 20xx card at 144 Hz, up 51%. For comparison, the stats also showed an update to the card, but by staying on the 60Hz screen, we could see better in-game performance, but only a 10-17% increase. The most significant jump in the K/D ratio occurred when using a 144 Hz monitor.
Other tests, studies and videos have been done (including Linus Tech Tips), and the main conclusion is that the average player does better in games above 60 Hz, especially in shooting games like CS GO.
What to do if the SPF is less than Hz?
If your FPS is lower than your Hz, the animation will probably look rather agitated. Some console games still run at 30 frames per second on 60 Hz TVs. To get the most out of your new screen, make sure your FPS is as close to Hz as possible. It’s a matter of personal preference, but most people agree that games with 30 SPF are not ideal.
If you go a little higher, say to 60 frames per second on a 144 Hz monitor, the experience will be much smoother, but you’ll still only see 60 frames per second. This would be the same as 60 frames per second on a 60 Hz monitor. Let’s say you can get between 70 and 120 images on a monitor at 144 Hz. In this situation, you will see more images and the animation will be much smoother, but you still won’t use your monitor to its full potential.
To get the most out of a 144 Hz (or higher) monitor, you need a set that can display at least 144 frames at any given time.
Doesmean 60Hz 60 FPS?
No. 60 Hz is the number of refresh rates your monitor can perform per second, and 60 FPS is the number of frames your graphics processor can generate for your game. Although you can lower the graphics settings to increase the frame rate, you will not see images with a higher refresh rate than your monitor. In some cases they can be felt, which I will talk about later.
Graphics and frame rate
So how do you get enough images for a high-frequency monitor?
Does the graphics card affect the FPS?
Yes. Most games are optimized to use graphics cards, so upgrading your graphics cards is the best way to improve FPS. You can lower the game settings to improve the FPS, but for more demanding games this may still be enough to get a reasonable FPS. Some games are very CPU intensive, so it’s worth considering connecting a modern graphics card to a modern processor.
I recommend looking for graphics cards in the GTX 10 series or newer, as they have more than enough power to run most games at reasonable frame rates. Besides buying a more powerful graphics card, the second best way to improve the number of FPS in games is to lower the resolution or graphics settings.
Does screen size affect FPS?
Screen size has no effect on FPS, but screen resolution does. Screen resolution is the number of pixels on the screen, and the higher the number, the greater the load on the graphics card. Note that some larger screens may stretch the resolution to fill the physical area of the screen, but the result is a large number of pixels. If you have problems with the FPS, try lowering the game’s graphics settings. If this does not reduce the SPF to an acceptable level, consider lowering the resolution.
Besides improving the FPS, lowering the resolution has another benefit. The theory is that at lower resolution, the character models are more stretched and the pixels are slightly larger and easier to see, making it easier to hit the targets. Currently most people play in 1080P and above, but you can always try different resolutions to find out what works for you.
Should SPF be restricted in games?
You might think that an image limit would allow you to cut out all images that are beyond the capabilities of your monitor.
Adding a frame rate limit to games can be useful because it prevents the computer from overheating, which is a problem with laptops. It can also save electricity, but the amount is not very noticeable. In my opinion, the cooling factor is the most important.
There are advantages to limiting personnel in games, but it depends on the game. I wouldn’t limit the frame rate in competitive games like multiplayer shooters, because you need to have as much reaction time as possible. For games that are only played occasionally, such as. B. However, in single-player role-playing games, such as Skyrim or Witcher, it can be useful to limit the frame rate.
Here are a few ways to do this:
When frame rate is off, the computer does its best to generate as many images as possible. The input delay with unlimited frame rate is very low, it is the most sensitive. The downside is that the screen can crack and the computer can get unnecessarily hot, which can happen with laptops.
FPS Cursor (some screen cracks)
There are two types of frame rate limitation, manual and V-sync. The manual is usually an option in the game settings, it’s probably a slider with 30, 60 and 100 or more. You can also sometimes enforce an FPS limit through the console or launch commands.
V-Sync (without gaps, but with input delay)
V-Sync is a mode in which the game images are synchronized with the repetition rate of the screen. In other words: Your computer only generates the number of images your monitor can display per second. The result is a smooth flow, with no gaps in the images, but with a significant delay in coming in. I don’t recommend V-sync for shooters. It works very well in some role-playing or simple games where reaction time is not very important.
G-Sync (no response delay to input signal)
G-Sync is a newer version of V-Sync, designed primarily for monitors with a higher refresh rate than traditional 60 Hz monitors. Also, it only works through the DisplayPort connector. The principle of G-synchronization is similar to that of V-synchronization, but it does not bind the frame rate to an exact frame rate. The monitor essentially synchronizes with the speed at which the computer generates the images, so the display is extremely smooth, without cracking or stuttering.
In short, the high-definition zone does not affect the SPF because they are separate factors, but the combination of a high SPF and a high-definition zone gives you an advantage in competitive video games. If you want to improve your score in games like CS GO, Overwatch, Valorant and many others, I highly recommend switching to a 144 Hz monitor or higher.
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frequently asked questions
Can a 60Hz monitor display 120 frames per second?
In short, a 60 Hz monitor updates the panel almost 60 times per second, or 60 frames per second. So even if devices that can operate at higher frame rates are connected to a 60 Hz monitor, the monitor’s output will be blocked at 60 fps.
Does a 144 Hz monitor reduce the FPS?
– No, your FPS will be wasted to a lesser extent. Less, since your monitor can display at least 144 frames per second, Hz and fps are linked. – So, if you use a 144 Hz monitor, you will have a smoother game. If you choose to use Vsync with a 144 Hz monitor, you will get a limit of 144 fps.
Hz affects the game?
Hertz (Hz) is the number of images displayed per second at each monitor refresh. … More hertz basically means you get more frames per second, which translates into a smoother viewing experience. A higher value essentially means you get a smoother picture, which makes a big difference in games.
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